Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

Bwindi Impenetrable forest is regarded to be one of the most biologically diverse forest in Uganda and Africa as a whole. The forest is a home of about 400 mountain gorillas living in harmony with chimpanzees. To track these mighty gorillas, a Park ranger who is so familiar with the location and trails of the forest, leads you through Wilderness creepers and undergrowth, with melodies and views of rare birds, butterflies and bats flapping in the trees to the exact point where you come face to face with the gorillas. You get a 1 hour chance to observe and be spoilt by the beauty and thrilling feeling of being closes to these mighty gorillas.

Gorilla Tracking Locations & Families

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park has 4 locations where gorilla tracking takes place, each family group represented below allows a maximum of 8 visitors per day, so far in total Bwindi can accommodate up to 80 visitors;

  1. Buhoma in the Northwest of the park with 3 families; Habinyanja, Mubare, Rushegura,

  2. Ruhija in the East with 2 families; Oruzogo, Bitukura,

  3. Nkuringo in the southwest with 1 families; Nkuringo

  4. Rushaga in the south with 6 families; Mishaya, Busingye, Kahungye, Bweza, Nshongi

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is also hosts a list of bird with over 350 species recorded, including many Albertine Rift endemics.

Other Mammals: It may come as a surprise that Bwindi impenetrable National park harbors at least 120 mammal species, more than any National park in Uganda with the exception of Queen Elizabeth National Park. Bwindi Impenetrable National park has about 11 other primate species found in the forest and include chimpanzees, baboons, black and white colobus and L’Hoest monkeys, Elephants though raely seen, Bushbuck, forest duikers and rich in birds and butterflies.

Historical Background:
Bwindi derives its name from the local phrase ‘Mubwindi bwa Nyinamukari‘, which most probably originally referred to the Mubwindi Swamp in the Southeast of the park rather than the forest itself. The story behind this name goes back to about a century ago when, it is said, a family migrating northwards from Kisoro area found themselves standing at the southern end of a seemingly impenetrable swamp. It’s believed that the parents asked the swamp spirits for guidance, and were told that only if they sacrificed their most beautiful daughter, Nyinamukarai, the rest of the family would cross without an accident. After two days of deliberation, the family decided that they could not turn back south, and so they threw the girl into the water to drown, and went on their way safely to the other side. When news of the sacrifice spread, people began to avoid the swamp, calling it ‘Mubwindi bwa Nyinamukari’- Dark place of Nyinamakurai. Bwindi forest was proclaimed as the Impenetrable Forest Reserve in 1932.its official name was proclaimed in 1991 when it was gazatted as a national park and named Bwindi.


The park has an original rain forest on the edge of the Albertine Rift Valley. The environment is a string of ridges and valleys covered in very dense impenetrable forest.