Queen Elizabeth is Uganda’s most popular and accessible savanna reserve, the 1,978 km2.Queen Elizabeth national park is bounded to the west by Ishasha River and Lake Edward along the Congolese boarder. Queen Elizabeth is primarily associated open Savannah studded in some areas with a dense cover of acacia and euphoria trees, but also embraces large areas of swamp around Lake George, the extensive maramagambo forest in the Southeast, and forested Kyambura George along the border with Kyambura Game reserve.
Protected as Lake George and Lake Edward game reserves since the late to 1920, the present –day Queen Elizabeth national Park was gazetted as the kazinga national Park in 1952 to protect varied landscapes of prolific wildlife of the rift valley floor between Lake Edward and the Rwenzori. It was renamed in 1954 to commemorate a visit by the British monarch.
The park’s diverse ecosystems, which include sprawling savanna, shady, humid forests, sparkling lakes and fertile wetlands, make it the ideal habitant for classic big game species. About 95 mammal species have been recorded.
Rwenzori Mountains, one of the park’s magnificent vistas include dozens of enormous craters carved dramatically into rolling green hills, panoramic views of the Kazinga Channel with its banks lined with hippos, buffalo and elephants, and the endless Ishasha plains, whose fig trees hide lions ready to pounce on herds of unsuspecting Uganda kob.
The park has an interesting cultural history which creates opportunities for visitors to meet the local communities and enjoy storytelling, dance, music and more. The gazetting of the park has ensured the conservation of its ecosystems, which in turn benefits the surrounding communities. The park is also endowed with Mweya Peninsular which lies on the Northern bank of the channel and it is confluence with Lake Edward.